Spinal Deformity Correction – dealing with degenerative spinal conditions
Degenerative Disc Disease – a condition wherein the discs between vertebrae wear away due to the natural aging process, or sometimes due to trauma, causing the discs to lose their shock absorption properties.
Herniated discs – when one of these discs rupture, the inside of the disc bulges out and can press on the spinal cord or spinal nerves, causing pain, numbness or weakness in the arms or legs.
Degenerative spinal arthritis – a condition caused by the wearing away of the cartilage between spinal joints, or facets.
Sciatica – the inflammation or compression of one or possibly more branches of the sciatic nerve, resulting in pain, weakness, numbness or tingling in the legs.
Scoliosis – a curvature of the spine possibly caused by degenerative or congenital causes.
Spondylolisthesis – the slippage of one vertebrae onto another, causing spinal instability.
Stenosis – a narrowing of the portion of the spinal canal that leads to the compression of the spinal cord or spinal nerves.
Osteoporosis – a weakening of the bones caused by a loss of calcium. Especially common in women over 50.
Infections – bacteria traveling in the urine or blood may cause infection in the discs or vertebrae of the spine.
Fractures – typically caused by trauma in injuries, such as slips and falls, though in patients with osteoporosis or other pre-existing conditions, vertebrae may fracture with minimal trauma.
Tumors – both malignant and benign tumors can cause spinal deformity.
Spinal deformity correction treatment options
To begin with in spinal deformity correction, your doctor will likely recommend nonoperative treatment such as medications, spinal injections or possibly physical therapy to restore function and mobility.
If these conservative approaches do not provide satisfactory results, surgery may become necessary to decompress the spinal nerves and possibly provide spinal stability through fusion.